country flag of Belgium

Belgium

Theft Ranking
Has Weapons-Usable Nuclear Materials
Change+3
Score83
Rank=5

Summary

Belgium is tied for 5th in the theft ranking and is one of the most improved states, increasing its score by 3 points from 2014. Belgium improved because its bulk processing facility is being decommissioned and it hosted an international peer review. In the future, Belgium’s nuclear materials security conditions could be improved by requiring more stringent and frequent personnel vetting, and improving cybersecurity requirements at nuclear facilities. Belgium’s nuclear materials security conditions remain adversely affected by its high quantities of nuclear materials and large number of sites where those materials are located.


Category & Indicator Scores

Category & Indicators
Rank / Score / Δ

Quantities and Sites
+6
62
=11

Quantities of Nuclear Materials
50
=11

Sites and Transportation
+17
67
=8

Material Production / Elimination Trends
75
=13

Security and Control Measures
81
11

On-site Physical Protection
100
=1

Control and Accounting Procedures
100
=1

Insider Threat Prevention
67
=6

Physical Security During Transport
100
=1

Response Capabilities
86
=9

Cybersecurity
0
=18

Global Norms
+12
100
=1

International Legal Commitments
100
=1

Voluntary Commitments
100
=1

International Assurances
+40
100
=1

Domestic Commitments and Capacity
100
=1

UNSCR 1540 Implementation
100
=1

Domestic Nuclear Materials Security Legislation
100
=1

Safeguards Adherence and Compliance
100
=1

Independent Regulatory Agency
100
=1

Risk Environment
71
=10

Political Stability
75
=10

Effective Governance
88
=1

Pervasiveness of Corruption
75
=8

Group(s) Interested in Illicitly Acquiring Materials
50
=7

Legend

= denotes tie in rank
Δ denotes change in score between 2014 and 2016
– denotes no change between 2014 and 2016
All countries are scored 0–100, where 100 = most favorable nuclear security conditions

Note on Scores

Indicator scores equal the sum of the subindicator scores. Scores are then normalized 0-100, where 100 = most favorable nuclear materials security conditions.