country flag of South Africa

South Africa

Theft Ranking
Has Weapons-Usable Nuclear Materials
Change+3
Score71
Rank16

Summary

South Africa ranks 16th in the theft ranking and is one of the most improved states, increasing its score by 3 points from 2014. South Africa improved by strengthening its cybersecurity requirements for nuclear facilities and hosting an international peer review. In the future, South Africa’s nuclear materials security conditions could be improved by requiring more stringent and frequent personnel vetting and constant surveillance of inner areas at nuclear facilities to mitigate the insider threat, requiring updates to its Design Basis Threat, defining nuclear security responsibilities in its laws and regulations, and ensuring requirements for security of material during transport reflect the latest IAEA nuclear security guidelines. South Africa could also improve its nuclear materials security conditions by increasing voluntary engagement in international initiatives, such as participating in the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism and contributing to the World Institute for Nuclear Security or the IAEA Nuclear Security Fund.


Category & Indicator Scores

Category & Indicators
Rank / Score / Δ

Quantities and Sites
79
6

Quantities of Nuclear Materials
50
=11

Sites and Transportation
100
=1

Material Production / Elimination Trends
100
=1

Security and Control Measures
+5
59
18

On-site Physical Protection
60
=20

Control and Accounting Procedures
86
=18

Insider Threat Prevention
44
=16

Physical Security During Transport
0
=21

Response Capabilities
100
=1

Cybersecurity
+50
75
=10

Global Norms
+12
69
19

International Legal Commitments
80
=17

Voluntary Commitments
40
22

International Assurances
+40
80
=8

Domestic Commitments and Capacity
100
=1

UNSCR 1540 Implementation
100
=1

Domestic Nuclear Materials Security Legislation
100
=1

Safeguards Adherence and Compliance
100
=1

Independent Regulatory Agency
100
=1

Risk Environment
55
=14

Political Stability
70
=13

Effective Governance
50
=14

Pervasiveness of Corruption
50
=12

Group(s) Interested in Illicitly Acquiring Materials
50
=7

Legend

= denotes tie in rank
Δ denotes change in score between 2014 and 2016
– denotes no change between 2014 and 2016
All countries are scored 0–100, where 100 = most favorable nuclear security conditions

Note on Scores

Indicator scores equal the sum of the subindicator scores. Scores are then normalized 0-100, where 100 = most favorable nuclear materials security conditions.